SAILING TASKS AND SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
(Just some ideas I used with my crew who knew absolutely nothing about sailing)
Embarkation/Disembarkation from dock, boat and dinghy:
- Help others-give them a hand, give them room to get on and off.
- Pass what you're carrying to someone on the other dock, boat and dinghy.
- Don't leap across. The dock, boat and dinghy should be kept within stepping distance and secured so as not to drift
- Time your step for a "relatively quiet" time in the wave action.
- Remember: ONE hand for the ship and one hand for yourself. So grab something secure as you cross over.
- Dinghies: step quickly to the center then sit down on the gunwale (sides) keeping your weight evenly distributed. Hold on to a secure
part of the dinghy so you don't get flipped out. New in 2020 we have provided a blue ladder/step fender for getting in/out of the dinghy at the midship boarding gates. Do not use the swim platform as
there is too mush dinghy damage and the risk of injury is too great.
Man/Gear Overboard ~ teamwork is critical. Remember, you could be the one who is in the water!
- Spotter - point to the person or gear in the water
- Mark GPS - Man overboard (MOB) and throw life sling, life jacket, etc, to person
- Life sling ready
- Boathook ready
- Helmsman - perform either circle if life sling is in water or better yet, do a figure 8. Plan to pick up the MOB on the lee side
mid-ship or stern.
- Start aux (engine or back-up)
- Dinghy manned and ready to pick up or assist.
- Sails set as needed by helmsman. Once we learn some basic sail handling, we must practice this drill before we need to do it for
- Ensure all sail sheets, halyards, etc. have a stopper knot (like a figure 8) 13 inches from the bitter end so sheets are not lost when
sails are luffing.
- Take all laundry, clothing, etc. from lifelines and stow below deck until we dock, anchor or moor the boat. Gear can easily be blown
overboard (last year, someone lost an expensive wetsuit. Bummer!).
- Keep all lines (ropes used to tie boat to anything) stowed or prepared for use.
- Keep all sheets/halyards/down hauls/outhauls/etc. (all the "ropes" attached to the sails/boom, etc. stowed or prepared for
- NEVER step on any line/sheet/etc. You can lose a leg or get knocked overboard should something that is attached to the line suddenly
move - even when docked.
- Trimming/easing/reefing/unfurling/hoisting/lowering sails (even when using a wench) incorrectly can cost you the loss of your fingers,
hand, arm, leg, or maybe just bad rope burns.
- Know your Emergency Egress Route with your eyes closed. There was a case, not with the French Maid, where the crew was not aware that a
previous crew had run the boat into a coral reef and cracked the keel. When it later broke off, the boat flipped and sank. Two people died because they couldn't get out. Even though VI Yacht Charters
inspects the bottom with divers and French Maid, LLC hires surveyor to inspect, you should always be prepared.
Know were your life preserver is located and how to wear it.
- Know how to use the head (toilet) - which valves to open/close, etc.
- NO FLAMES near any fuels or while fueling.
- All gear stowed/tied securely so it will not be tossed about when the boat moves in response to the wind and waves.
- Secure all portholes/hatches during rough weather/rain and when underway. Note that the wind will damage the screens and sunshades,
necessitating replacement. This will cost you and they are expensive.
- Ensure all cabinet doors and drawers and secured/locked shut before getting underway.
- Helmsman describes which lines & fenders are to be used.Fender boards must be used every time you dock
- Prepare all lines and fenders/fender boards
- Boathook ready
- Dinghy underway or shorten its painter (bowline)
- Drop/raise (Furl/unfurl) sails well clear of the dock
- Set all bow/stern/brest/spring lines after docking
- Helmsman describes approach and pickup side on departure path. Ensures no strain on mooring lines while the bow crew is holding the
- Bow crew prepares mooring line.
- Ready with boat hook
- Signal mooring ball position/distance to helmsman
- Dinghy shorten painter (bowline)
- Drop/furl sails well clear of mooring area
- Bow crew drops line if there's any strain on the line - you can't hold a 50' boat in wind or current unless you're Charles Atlas (oh ~
that's before you were born. OK, unless you are Arnold Schwartzenegger.)
- Crew points out other boats approaching/crossing/etc.
- Helmsman describes approach/departure
- Bow crew prepares anchor including release line if there is one available
- Depth finder on - read out depth
- GPS on - verify anchor location and chart depth
- Dinghy - shorten painter (bowline)
- Bow crew - reads out anchor chain length (scope)
Down Wind Sailing
Unplanned gybing (boom swings from one side of the boat to the other) can cause injury, death,
man overboard and rigging damage. Helmsman + mainsail crew must pay attention to the course/wind.
Last time we were raided by the crew from ________boat wanting more booze. They managed to hold
two of our shipmates hostage. After we captured one of their crew, we negotiated a truce. As long as no one gets hurt or loses any personal items, or the boat isn't damaged in any way, I don't mind
you having fun, just keep it tasteful and don't be obnoxious. There are families expecting an enjoyable vacation.
- Use the buddy system
- Know who is in your group and stick together
- Set rendezvous times and places
- We don't want to lose someone doing any of these activities. Last cruise we were confronted by some drunken locals trying to use the
"race card" at night ashore. Try to stay in well-lit areas and in a group and try not to drink too much.
Etiquette & Common Courtesies
Adhere to the "Golden Rule", you know, do unto others before they do unto you, no, as you would want to be treated. That goes for other people's belongings, too. Dispose of your trash/food in the garbage bags,
wash your own dishes, store your personal items in your cabin, etc. remember, I'm not your
mother, nor is she on board!